The Deep Sea Fishing Authority (DSFA) is public institution mandated to promote, regulate and manage fisheries resources in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the United Republic of Tanzania (Mainland Tanzania and Tanzania Zanzibar) waters that lies beyond 12 nautical miles of the territorial waters.
The EEZ of URT covers an area of 223,000 km2 in the Indian Ocean. The coastline of the URT marine waters stretches about 1,424 km long.
Foreign and national fishing vessels are permitted to conduct fishing activities in the EEZ of United Republic of Tanzania (URT) as long as meet the terms and conditions for a fishing license stipulated in the legislation guiding fishing activities in the EEZ. Fishing activities in the territorial waters are managed by Fisheries Departments in the ministries responsible for fisheries in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar. Under normal circumstance, no foreign vessel is permitted to conduct commercial fishing activities in the territorial waters of URT.
Fishing activities within the EEZ of United Republic of Tanzania (URT) and outside the national jurisdiction for URT flagged vessels are guided by the Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Act, Cap. 388 R.E. 2020 and its Regulations.
A maximum number of 96 fishing licenses were issued to fishing vessels to operate in URT in the year 2015/2016. However, currently, there is no quota system applied within the India Ocean Tuna Commission (OTC) area of competence including the URT. Specifically, URT does not use any quota system to both national and foreign vessels fishing in its EEZ. Tanzania welcomes fishing vessels intending to fish in its EEZ provided that they meet the conditions stipulated in the Tanzania Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Acts, Cap. 388 R.E. 2020 and its Regulations, regional and international legal frameworks to ensure sustainable utilization of tuna and tuna-like resources in its waters.
The allowed fish species in the EEZ of URT include tuna and tuna-like including Yellow fin tuna, Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Albacore, Swordfish, Black Marlin, Blue Marlin, Striped marlin, Indo-Pacific sailfish, Long tail tuna, Indo-Pacific king mackerel, Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel, Bullet tuna, Frigate tuna, Kawakawa and others.
The fishing methods allowed in the EEZ of URT are purse seiner, long liner, pole and line, trolling and gill net.
According to the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) Resolution 16/07, fishing by light attraction (using light purse seiners or any other fishing gear/method) is allowed on tuna and tuna-like species in area of IOTC competence (including Tanzania). Fishers or fishing companies are strongly encouraged to invest in tuna and tuna-like fisheries using fishing gears/methods that are prescribed in the Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Act, Cap. 388 R.E. 2020 and its Regulations.
Fishing using purse seiners and long liners are normally carried out from March to September and September to March, respectively.
The specifications of fishing gears to operate in the EEZ of URT are in accordance with the Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Act, Cap. 388 R.E. 2020 and its Regulations, and IOTC Standards
Currently there is no protected areas within the EEZ of URT. However, it is prohibited for a fishing vessel to catch protected, threatened or endangered species including marine mammals, marine birds, sea turtles and some sharks species. If a protected, threatened or endangered species caught alive must be recorded in the log book and released immediately.
There are four ports designated for fishing activities, namely Tanga, Dar es Salaam and Mtwara in Tanzania Mainland and Malindi in Zanzibar.
A fishing license is issued for a period of three, six or twelve months.
Once the applicant has met the requirement of a fishing license and the payment has been done and confirmed by the Authority, a receipt will be issued and a license will be processed and issued within seven (7) working days.
Other fees to be paid include Observer Programme fees, monitoring service fee, fishing related activities administrative fee for foreign vessel, information access fees, FADs and transshipment fees (if applicable).
An applicant of a fishing license will opt to pay the fees and other charges through a number of ways including online bank transfer, QR Code and mobile.
Yes, the URT cordially invites investors interested to venture in the EEZ fishing.
A number of opportunities related to fisheries within the EEZ of URT including:-Construction of fishing necessary facilities for berthing, offloading and transshipment of fish.
- Carrying out fishing activities to harvest the abundantly available fishes.
- Supply of baits for fishing;
- Deployment of supporting vessels to supply water, food and fish aggregating devices (FADs) at sea.
- Building fish processing plants to add value of the raw materials (fish).
- Establishment of fish-meal processing plants;
- Installing of fish storage facilities, including cold rooms and ice plants.
- Exportation of processed fish and fish products.
- Provision of services and materials for fish processing plants.
- Building of factories to manufacture and supply fishing gears and vessels.
- Construction of dry dock and vessel servicing and maintenance facilities (workshops) for fishing vessels.
- Construction of boat-building yards.
By complying to the International Maritime Organization Requirement, Tanzania Merchant Fishing Act, Deep Sea Fisheries Management and Development Acts and other governing laws. The documents required by Deep Sea Fishing Authority include Sea worthiness, Crews list, Authorization to fish (ATF), vessel not listed in IUU and AREP (Advance Request to Enter the Port)